Furbearer Management and Best Management Practices for Trapping

About the Furbearer Management and Best Management Practices for Trapping Program:

The purpose of AFWA's Furbearer Management and Best Management Practices for Trapping Program (BMPs) is to improve regulated trapping by evaluating trapping devices and techniques used for the capture of furbearers and educating those who use traps about the most humane, safe, selective, efficient and practical devices.  Traps are evaluated using standards and protocols developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).  Since the inception of this program in 1997, over 600 trap types have been evaluated for 23 species of furbearers with a North American investment of some $40 million dollars. 

Trapping Matters:

Regulated trapping is used by State, Federal and Tribal agencies to manage wildlife and their habitats, and it provides many benefits to people.  Protecting endangered species during vulnerable life-cycle periods (e.g. sea turtles, island and ground nesting birds), reintroducing populations (e.g., river otters; gray, red and mexican wolves; beavers), scientifically monitoring animal population size and health, providing relief to the public from property damage (e.g., livestock, agriculture, forestry, infrastructure), protecting public health and safety (e.g., rabies, flooding) and insuring that resources are used responsibly are some of the many ways agencies use trapping.  Trapping is highly regulated by agencies through scientifically based laws, rules and regulations that are strictly enforced by wildlife conservation officers.  Animal populations are carfefully monitored with trapping so that trapping does not cause species to become endangered.  In fact,  only abundant species of wildlife are trapped and its use helps promote healthy population levels.  Those who participate in trapping are required to have a trapping or hunting license and education for trappers is provided in all States.  Wildlife biologists, the American Association of Wildlife Veterinarians and the  American Veterinary Medical Association support the use of trapping in wildlife managment, as does the vast majority of the public and many other conservation organizations.

BMPs
Introduction to BMPs for Trapping
Badger
Beaver
Bobcat
Canada Lynx
Coyote (Eastern)
Coyote (Western)
Fisher
Fox (Arctic)
Fox (Gray)
Fox (Red)
Fox (Swift and Kit)
Marten
Mink
Muskrat
Nutria
Opossum
Raccoon
Ringtail (Bassarisk)
River Otter
Skunk
Weasels
Wolf

Research on Trapping:

Trapping and Furbearer Management in North American Wildlife Conservation.  International Journal of Environmental Studies. 2015
New Guidelines for Furbearer Trapping (BMPs). The Wildlife Professional. 2010
An Otterly Successful Restoration: The Return of North American River Otters.  The Wildlife Professional. 2018
Trappers as Citizen Scientists.  The Wildlife Professional. 2016
Use of Bodygrip Traps on Dryland: A Guide To Responsible Use. 2017
Modern Snares for Capturing Mammals: Definitions, Mechanical Attributes and Use Considerations. 2009
Trapping and Furbearer Management in North American Wildlife Conservation. NEFRTC. Updated 2016
The Costs of Losing Hunting and Trapping In North America.  Responsive Management. 2005

Trapper Education:

North American Trapper Education Program
North American Trapper Education Manual
Trappers and Social Media
Key Messages For Trappers
Trapping in the 21st Century Brochure (2018)
How to Avoid the Incidental Take of Wolverine
How to Avoid the Incidental Take of Canada Lynx

Surveys & Reports:

Trap Use, Furbearers Trapped, and Trapper Characteristics in the U.S. in 2015
Trap Use, Furbearers Trapped, and Trapper Characteristics in the U.S. in 2015 Brochure (2018)
Public Attitudes Toward and Awareness of Trapping Issues in CT, IN and WI, 2016
2016 Summary of State Furbearer Trapping Regulations Survey Report
Public  Attitudes Toward and Awareness of Trapping Issues in CT, IN and WI Brochure (2018)
Summary of State Furbearer Trapping Regulations Survey Report Brochure (2018)
Trapping Matters and Fur Schools Summary Report 2015-2017 (2018)
US Furbearer Harvest Statistics Database 1970-2015
Furbearer Management Outreach Project Pilot States Report
Public Attitudes Toward and Awareness of Trapping Issues in CT, IN and WI, 2001

AFWA Staff:

Bryant White
bwhite@fishwildlife.org