Wildlife Diseases - Authority & Jurisdiction - Maine

It is the policy of the State to work to find and implement ways to prevent mosquito-borne diseases in a manner that minimizes risks to humans and the environment. The State, led by the department and the Department of Health and Human Services pursuant to this chapter and Title 22, chapter 257-B, respectively, shall monitor mosquito-borne diseases and shall base mosquito management methods, including potential pesticide use, on an evaluation of the most current risk assessments. On a continuing basis, the State shall research and evaluate means of reducing disease-carrying mosquitoes without the use of pesticides. When the Department of Health and Human Services determines that the disease risk is high and public education efforts are insufficient to adequately prevent mosquito-borne diseases in the State, the Department of Health and Human Services may declare a mosquito-borne disease public health threat pursuant to Title 22, chapter 257-B and the State may undertake emergency activities to reduce disease-carrying mosquito populations that threaten the health of residents of this State. The State in undertaking emergency activities shall use a combination of the lowest risk, most effective integrated pest management techniques and science-based technology and shall consult with officials from affected municipalities in determining the most appropriate combination of response strategies.

Citation: 7 M.R.S.A. § 171.


14. Regulating the feeding of deer, bear, moose and wild turkey. The commissioner may by rule:

A. Prohibit the feeding of deer, bear, moose and wild turkey at any location if there is documented evidence of chronic wasting disease, as defined in Title 7, section 1821, subsection 1, in the State...

17. Postpone or cancel the start of an open hunting season. [Added effective October 15, 2015] Notwithstanding any provision of subpart 4, the commissioner, based on sound scientific wildlife management principles, may postpone or cancel an open hunting season on any game species if the commissioner has concerns regarding disease, weather conditions, reduction in population or other unforeseen factors that may prevent publicly derived management goals from being met.

Citation: 12 M.R.S. § 10105.

The Director of the Bureau of Health shall assess regularly whether any health threats exist for persons consuming freshwater and anadromous fish caught in state waters by noncommercial anglers. The assessment must be based on appropriate technical and scientific data and public health analyses and must include, but is not limited to, the risk of carcinogenic, mutagenic, teratogenic and reproductive effects and infectious disease. In preparing the assessment, the director shall consult with the Commissioner of Marine Resources, the Commissioner of Environmental Protection and the Commissioner of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife.

If, in the professional judgment of the Director of the Bureau of Health, conditions exist in which consumption of fish caught in state waters poses a threat to public health, the director shall prepare an advisory of the public health threat. The advisory must be in a form suitable for posting in places frequented by noncommercial anglers. The director has final authority regarding the content of the advisory, including the exact language used in the advisory. The Commissioner of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife is responsible for printing and posting verbatim copies of the advisory and for incorporating the verbatim health advisory in the abstract of fish and wildlife laws.;

Citation: 22 M.R.S. § 1696-I.