The Farm Bill

The Farm Bill is a law that allows Congress to periodically examine and modify American agriculture programs. Although the first Farm Bill in the 1920s was specifically developed to address agricultural commodities, it now includes important provisions supporting conservation on farms, ranches, and private forest land.

Seventy percent of the land in the lower 48 states is private owned, making private landowners invaluable partners in fish and wildlife conservation efforts. Through the voluntary, incentive-based conservation programs in the Farm Bill, landowners can take action to create and enhance fish and wildlife habitat on their property.

The Association of Fish & Wildlife Agencies and many individual state agencies work closely with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, assisting in implementation of Farm Bill conservation programs on the ground in ways that benefit fish and wildlife, and helping to improve these programs over time.

The most recent Farm Bill was signed into law in February 2014 and included a baseline estimate of $28.2 billion in conservation funding over five years, as well as other provisions crucial to fish and wildlife conservation.

For more information, contact Andrew Schmidt at or 202-838-3472.

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